Infertility is becoming a major issue nowadays, and many couples are finding it difficult to conceive a child naturally. Environmental conditions and unhealthy lifestyles are major factors affecting the fertility of men and women in India.
This is where ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) comes in. IVF (In Vitro Fertilization), especially, has been a boon for millions of couples who needed external assistance to get pregnant and have a child.
IVF is the most commonly practiced ART and has the highest success rate among other techniques like IUI. It is the procedure where the eggs and sperm are collected from the couple and fertilized in a laboratory.
IVF and other fertility treatments have been flourishing in India in recent years, and many fertility clinics have been opened across India. This article goes into detail about the success rate of IVF treatments in India and the factors that can affect them.
IVF Success Rate in India
In India, the average success rate of IVF treatment is around 50–60%. If the woman is younger than 35 and has minor infertility problems, then the success rate can go up to 65%. This success rate can be comparable to other developed countries with advanced technologies to increase the chances of pregnancy.
Although the success rate of IVF treatments depends on many factors, which we will discuss shortly, here is an average estimation of the success rate of IVF treatments based on a woman’s age.
Women younger than 35 – 80–95%
35–37 years – 70%
38–40 years – 60%
40–42 years – 40%
Over 43 years – 20%
Factors That Affect IVF Success Rate
As a fertility treatment, IVF is a multi-factorial process that relies on proper timing and accuracy. All these factors have a big impact on the result of the treatment: safe live birth.
Because of the high mental, physical, and financial strains of infertility treatments, IVF in particular, it’s important to find and control factors known to affect the results before treatment starts.
Here are some factors that are known to affect the success rate of IVF treatments.
Age of women
Age is one of the most common factors that affect IVF success rate. As a woman grows older, her chances of having a successful IVF pregnancy decreases. IVF is the most successful for women under 35.
So, if a couple has decided to undergo IVF, it is better to do it at a young age because the success rate decreases once the woman reaches age 40.
The quality of the egg and embryo also won’t be as good as those of young people. This may lead to miscarriages or premature delivery.
Type of infertility
There are many causes of infertility in the ovary, such as failure, secondary infertility factors, abdominal abnormality, fibroid knots, and many others. Infertility treatments are very different in how long they take and how likely they are to work.
The ovarian reserve is an important thing that decides whether or not IVF will work. The higher the number of follicles, the higher the number of oocytes (eggs) that can be collected, which leads to a higher chance of success. When a woman has a low reserve, she produces fewer eggs. Three eggs is a less-than-ideal reaction from the ovary, which can affect the chances of success.
The low reserve can be due to old age or conditions like endometriosis, surgery on the ovaries, problems with genes or chromosomes, or exposure to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy.
Previous failed IVF and miscarriages
When using IVF, the chances of a successful pregnancy are better and higher for couples who have already had a successful pregnancy before. On the other hand, a history of multiple or repeated miscarriages and/or problems with fertility could make the IVF journey harder, and the success rate is also low for these couples.
When is IVF Recommended?
IVF is not the first option that fertility doctors recommend for patients with infertility issues. Only when other fertility options fail to give the desired results, do they suggest IVF. IVF is a common option for patients diagnosed with the following conditions:
How We Increase IVF Success Rate at PFRC
IVF is a complicated procedure and involves choosing the right doctor and fertility clinic to complete the procedure successfully. At PFRC, we follow some Hi-Tech IVF procedures that can increase the success rate of IVF to up to 80–85%.
Some procedures we follow for maximum success are
IVF is the fertility treatment with the highest success rate. But it doesn’t mean that there are no complications involved in it. Couples have to go through all the tests that their doctor suggests to prevent several complications that may arise during the procedure.
No, IVF does not guarantee a 100% success rate. The average success rate of IVF in India is around 50-60%. The success of IVF also depends on other factors like age, fertility problems, lifestyle, and health conditions of the couples.
IVF success rates depend on many factors, like age and the cause of infertility. Overall, the success rate for IVF the first time is usually between 25% and 30% for most people who want to have a child. But the success rate tends to rise after more than one IVF cycle.
Studies show that IVF and other reproductive methods are most likely to work for women in their 20s and 30s. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that 31% of assisted reproductive technology (ART) leads to a live birth in women younger than 35.
The overall IVF procedure comprises the following steps:
- Ovarian stimulation
- Egg retrieval
- Sperm retrieval
- Fertilization (traditional IVF or ICSI)
- Embryo culture/development
- Embryo transfer